Why do passports have different colors?

We might think that there are passports of all shades, but the reality is that, basically, there are only four colors: red, green, blue and black. Although each color has its nuances, they are almost always dark tones. Next, we explain the reason and the meaning of the passport colors.

What does the color of the passports mean?

Red passport

The red passport is the most common in the world. The countries with a passport of this tone are those that have or had a communist regime such as Poland, Russia, China ... In Latin America, countries like Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia or Colombia also have a red passport. The burgundy red tone is the one used in a large part of the European Union countries such as France, Spain or Italy. Turkey adopted this burgundy tone in its attempt to join the European Union. The red passport is also present in non-European countries such as Mongolia or Malaysia.

Green passport

The green passport is the most traditional shade in Muslim countries such as Saudi Arabia, Mauritania, Pakistan or Morocco. It is said to be green because it was the favorite color of the prophet Muhammad and symbolizes life and nature. Mexico is the only country in Latin America that has a green passport. The green color is also seen in the passports of the member countries of the Economic Community of West African States, such as Senegal, Ivory Coast or Nigeria.

Blue passport

Passports in blue color symbolize the "New World". This passport is present in 15 Caribbean countries (Cuba, Bahamas, Haiti ...), in the United States, Canada and Australia. There is also an economic reason to have a blue passport, in South America some countries chose this tone because they belong to the Southern Common Market (Mercosur), for example: Brazil, Argentina or Paraguay. As a curiosity to indicate that United States passports have been blue since 1976.

Black Passport

The black passport is the least common of all. In New Zealand and Oceania it is used because it is the national color. It is also present in African nations such as Burundi, Chad, Angola, and Zambia. The black passport is also used to identify diplomats and personnel with diplomatic immunity from the United States or Mexico.

Other designs:

Some countries add a different design to their passports, such as the Swiss passport, which is vibrant red and bears a white cross, while the Vatican passport is black and stands out for its simple design. The most original passport is the Finnish one, not on the outside, but on the inside. On each sheet, in the corner, a moose is painted, and when the pages are quickly turned the optical effect is created that the animal is running.

The interior drawings are made to avoid forgeries. The Spanish passport has pictures of the largest animal migrations in the world. The Nicaraguan passport has 89 different forms of security, which makes it one of the most difficult passports to forge in the world.

The most beautiful border stamps are the Saudi Arabian or Cambodian. In special places like Machu Picchu or Ushuaia they stamp your passport with non-border stamps, which have no legal value, but are very special stamps that remind you of that place where you were. Almost all passports are the same size of 125 × 88mm.


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